Another way to change the number of stitches on the needle is to increase. Like with decreasing, there are several kinds of increasing; some are visible, and others blend completely into their surroundings.
One of the most common variations is the bar increase, which is made by working in the front and back loops of the same stitch. It leaves a small, slightly visible bar (thus the name) on the right side of the work. This bar can either be hidden in a seam or used as decoration.
bar increase inc 1 st
|The bar increase is a visible increase. A horizontal bar will follow the increased stitch on the knit side of the work, whether you work the increase on the knit or the purl side.||1. To increase on the knit side, insert the right needle knitwise into the stitch to be increased. Wrap the yarn around the right needle and pull it through as if knitting, but leave the stitch on the left needle.||2. Insert the right needle into the back of the same stitch. Wrap the yarn around the needle and pull it through. Slip the stitch from the left needle. You now have two stitches on the right needle.|
working in front and back loops
|The front of the stitch is the loop closest to you, and the loop that you’ll normally work into. To knit into the front loop, insert the right needle from left to right into the stitch on the left needle. To knit into the back loop (loop farthest from you), insert right needle from right to left under left needle and into stitch. To purl into the front loop, insert needle from right to left into stitch. To purl into the back loop, insert needle from behind into stitch.|
|Knitting into the front loop||Knitting into the back loop|
|Purling into the front loop||Purling into the back loop|